Onyang Folk Museum

Onyang Folk Museum

온양민속박물관 본관
온양민속박물관 본관

Onyang Folk Museum is very first private folk museum in Korea.
It was established in 1978 to showcase the excellence of traditional Korean culture, and marked its 40th anniversary last year. Through all these years, this venue has been a center of education, tracing the cultural roots of Korea, awakening the spirit of renewal, and learning something new by systematically collecting, preserving, and exhibiting tangible folk cultural resources.
Onyang Folk Museum’s first exhibition hall portrays the lives of Korean people. You will realize that the lives of Korean people can be explained by the rite of passage based on Confucianism. A baby is born to a family, grow up in the care of parents, and get married when he or she is a grown-up. Then he or she fulfills his or her responsibilities by making a living and performing ancestral rites.
Then he or she grows old and dies. How many dramas are there in this simple law of life? Each person lives a different life, but almost everyone undergoes the rite of passage, which becomes the universal customs and cultures. Along comes the clothing and accessories people wear, the various types of table setting in each region, and the wisdom to keep the living environment more pleasant.
The second exhibition hall represents the variety of workplaces of our ancestors. Since they were traditional farmers, you can find more traces than you can imagine. The process of planting seeds, plowing the soil, composting and watering, and raising and harvesting crops must have taken enormous efforts and time. The small loom for weaving sacks and the mortars for grinding grain reflect the wisdom of life. Other parts include reenactment scenes from fishing, hunting, and gathering.
The third exhibition hall reflects the entertainment and arts of Korea. Your eyes are drawn to the masks filling the wall as you enter the hall. Each of the masks portrays the unique characters. Each of them is neatly organized along the chronology of mask dances by region, including Gangnyeong Mask Dance and Bongsan Mask Dance. You feel as if you have met characters from old stories. The crafts and the amazing scientific technology also tell you about many talents of our ancestors.
Gujeong Art Center is located within Onyang Folk Museum. You can witness traditional Korean lifestyles at the museum, and see the contemporary arts and aesthetics of Korea there. This building is the first work of Itami Jun, a Japanese-Korean architect, in Korea. The roof has reinterpreted the Turtle Ship to symbolize the ‘Land of Admiral Chungmugong,’ and the interior structure was inspired by the squareshaped layout of the traditional houses in Chungcheong Province. Since Itami Jun is known for his use of windows, he brought in natural light to make the interior space much more mysterious and beautiful.
As a venue where the past and the present rely on each other, it is a great secret hideout that you can visit when the complexity of urban life gets to you— enjoy traveling to the past while watchingan exhibition, and carefully think about where you are in life while taking a walk in a quiet garden.

온양민속박물관
온양민속박물관
온양민속박물관